Gujarat is a state situated in the western part of India and shares its northwestern boundary with Pakistan. Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra are the neighboring states of Gujarat. Gandhinagar is the capital city of the state and Ahmedabad is its largest city and the main commercial hub of the region. Gujarat houses a wide variety of industries and is considered one among the best industrialized states of the nation. Gujarat is also home to some of the prestigious educational institutes of the nation.
The right to education has been recognized as a human right in a number of international conventions, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights which recognizes a right to free, compulsory primary education for all, an obligation to develop secondary education accessible to all, in particular by the progressive introduction of free secondary education, as well as an obligation to develop equitable access to higher education, ideally by the progressive introduction of free higher education. Today, almost 70 million children across the world are prevented from going to school each day. As of 2015, 164 states were parties to the Covenant.
The right to education also includes a responsibility to provide basic education for individuals who have not completed primary education from the school and college levels. In addition to these access to education provisions, the right to education encompasses the obligations of the students to avoid discrimination at all levels of the educational system, to set minimum standards of education and to improve the quality of education.
The education department of the state pays special attention to the improvement of elementary education in Gujarat. The state government has also launched the district primary education program for making primary education compulsory and free for all students up to a certain age limit. It has also taken up several measures for checking the rate of dropout at schools in Gujarat. The same uniform structure of 10+2 education is followed in the schools of Gujarat.
There are several universities functioning in Gujarat which offers both undergraduate and postgraduate programs in various disciplines. The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda is the only English medium university in Gujarat. It was ranked by India Today at the Tenth Place in its list of India's Best Universities (Aug 2011 Issue); while Hindustan Times ranked it at the sixth place. Apart from it, Gujarat University, Saurashtra University, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Bhavnagar University and Kachchh University are the leading State Universities. The four agricultural universities in Gujarat are especially devoted to the study of agriculture and other subjects related to it. Apart from these, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Institute of Infrastructure, Technology, Research and Management and National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad are some of the other prestigious centers of higher learning in Gujarat. The state also has some of the best engineering institutes in India like Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology among others. Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute is another reputed institute operating in Gujarat and does various research works on inland lake salt, marine salt and sub-soil brine. In the emerging area of legal education, a premier institution Gujarat National Law University was founded in the capital city Gandhinagar which started imparting education from the year 2004 and is ranked in top institutions in the country.Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar University is the first public health university of india, Launched by Public Health Foundation of India(PHFI), Indian Institute of Public Health